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Assessment of Neuromuscular Transmission

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Efficacy of sugammadex in the prevention of postoperative residual curarisation and related complications in patients over 65 years of age undergoing general anaesthesia.

Tomasz Gaszynski, Piotr Pietraszewski,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background. Neuromuscular blocking drugs have contributed to advances in anaesthesiology. The first agent blocking neuromuscular transmission was curare. Alarming respiratory complications in patients recovering from anaesthesia were reported from the very beginning of curare use. The currently used non-depolarizing muscle relaxants are regarded as safe. However, ... Read more >>

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The effect of training order on neuromuscular, endocrine and mood response to small-sided games and resistance training sessions over a 24-h period.

W Sparkes, A N Turner, M Weston, M Russell, M J Johnston, L P Kilduff,

OBJECTIVES:This study examined the acute effect of small-sided-game (SSG) and resistance training sequence on neuromuscular, endocrine and mood response over a 24-h (h) period. DESIGN:Repeated measures. METHODS:Fourteen semi-professional soccer players performed SSG-training (4vs4+goalkeepers; 6×7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) followed by resistance training 2h later (back-squat, Romanian deadlift, barbell-hip-thrust; 4×4 repetitions, 4-min ... Read more >>

J Sci Med Sport (Journal of science and medicine in sport)
[2020, :]

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Serotonin in Animal Cognition and Behavior.

Julien Bacqué-Cazenave, Rahul Bharatiya, Grégory Barrière, Jean-Paul Delbecque, Nouhaila Bouguiyoud, Giuseppe Di Giovanni, Daniel Cattaert, Philippe De Deurwaerdère,

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is acknowledged as a major neuromodulator of nervous systems in both invertebrates and vertebrates. It has been proposed for several decades that it impacts animal cognition and behavior. In spite of a completely distinct organization of the 5-HT systems across the animal kingdom, several lines of evidence ... Read more >>

Int J Mol Sci (International journal of molecular sciences)
[2020, 21(5):]

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Acupotomy Alleviates Energy Crisis at Rat Myofascial Trigger Points.

Yi Zhang, Ning-Yu Du, Chen Chen, Tong Wang, Li-Juan Wang, Xiao-Lu Shi, Shu-Ming Li, Chang-Qing Guo,

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of acupotomy on energy crises in rat trigger points (TrPs) by measuring mechanical pain thresholds (MPTs) and levels of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), free sarcoplasmic calcium (Ca2+), adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP), substance P (SP), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in ... Read more >>

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med (Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM)
[2020, 2020:5129562]

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Remnant neuromuscular junctions in denervated muscles contribute to functional recovery in delayed peripheral nerve repair.

Leyang Li, Hiroyuki Yokoyama, Hidetoshi Kaburagi, Takashi Hirai, Kunikazu Tsuji, Mitsuhiro Enomoto, Yoshiaki Wakabayashi, Atsushi Okawa,

Schwann cell proliferation in peripheral nerve injury (PNI) enhances axonal regeneration compared to central nerve injury. However, even in PNI, long-term nerve damage without repair induces degeneration of neuromuscular junctions (NMJs), and muscle atrophy results in irreversible dysfunction. The peripheral regeneration of motor axons depends on the duration of skeletal ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(4):731-738]

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Adenylate cyclase activator forskolin alleviates intracerebroventricular propionic acid-induced mitochondrial dysfunction of autistic rats.

Sidharth Mehan, Saloni Rahi, Aarti Tiwari, Tarun Kapoor, Kajal Rajdev, Ramit Sharma, Himanshi Khera, Sourabh Kosey, Umesh Kukkar, Rajesh Dudi,

Neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction increases inflammatory mediators and leads to free radical generation and anti-oxidant enzymatic alterations, which are major neuropathological hallmarks responsible for autism. Mitochondrial dysfunction in autism is associated with decreased ATP levels due to reduced levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Rat models of autism were established by intracerebroventricular ... Read more >>

Neural Regen Res (Neural regeneration research)
[2020, 15(6):1140-1149]

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Acute Oral Toxicity of Pinnatoxin G in Mice.

Silvio Sosa, Marco Pelin, Federica Cavion, Fabienne Hervé, Philipp Hess, Aurelia Tubaro,

Pinnatoxin G (PnTx-G) is a marine cyclic imine toxin produced by the dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum, frequently detected in edible shellfish from Ingril Lagoon (France). As other pinnatoxins, to date, no human poisonings ascribed to consumption of PnTx-G contaminated seafood have been reported, despite its potent antagonism at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors ... Read more >>

Toxins (Basel) (Toxins)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Physiology of the Respiratory Drive in ICU Patients: Implications for Diagnosis and Treatment.

Annemijn H Jonkman, Heder J de Vries, Leo M A Heunks,

This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2020. Other selected articles can be found online at https://www.biomedcentral.com/collections/annualupdate2020. Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from http://www.springer.com/series/8901. ... Read more >>

Crit Care (Critical care (London, England))
[2020, 24(1):104]

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Neuromuscular junction transmission failure is a late phenotype in aging mice.

Deepti Chugh, Chitra C Iyer, Xueyong Wang, Prameela Bobbili, Mark M Rich, W David Arnold,

Neurodegeneration has increasingly been considered an important factor in the pathogenesis of sarcopenia or age-related loss of muscle mass and strength. Experiments were designed to investigate the fidelity of neuromuscular junction (NMJ) transmission across the lifespan in hindlimb muscles of male and female C57BL/6J mice (at 12, 20, 24, 27, ... Read more >>

Neurobiol. Aging (Neurobiology of aging)
[2020, 86:182-190]

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Aminoglycoside use and intensive care unit-acquired weakness: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Tao Yang, Zhi-Qiang Li, Hong-Liang Li, Jian-Xin Zhou, Guang-Qiang Chen,

BACKGROUND:The relationship between aminoglycoside use and intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired weakness remains controversial. In the present study, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the relationship between aminoglycoside use and ICU-acquired weakness in critically ill patients. METHODS:The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0230181]

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β2-Adrenergic receptor agonists ameliorate the adverse effect of long-term pyridostigmine on neuromuscular junction structure.

An E Vanhaesebrouck, Richard Webster, Susan Maxwell, Pedro M Rodriguez Cruz, Judith Cossins, James Wickens, Wei-Wei Liu, Hakan Cetin, Jonathan Cheung, Hayley Ramjattan, Jacqueline Palace, David Beeson,

Acetylcholine receptor deficiency is the most common form of the congenital myasthenic syndromes, a heterogeneous collection of genetic disorders of neuromuscular transmission characterized by fatiguable muscle weakness. Most patients with acetylcholine receptor deficiency respond well to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; however, in some cases the efficacy of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors diminishes over time. ... Read more >>

Brain (Brain : a journal of neurology)
[2019, 142(12):3713-3727]

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Improved oxygenation following methylprednisolone therapy and survival in paediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Rebecca B Mitting, Samiran Ray, Michael Raffles, Helen Egan, Paul Goley, Mark Peters, Simon Nadel,

BACKGROUND:Methylprednisolone remains a commonly used ancillary therapy for paediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS), despite a lack of level 1 evidence to justify its use. When planning prospective trials it is useful to define response to therapy and to identify if there is differential response in certain patients, i.e. existence ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2019, 14(11):e0225737]

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Rotenone and 3-bromopyruvate toxicity impacts electrical and structural cardiac remodeling in rats.

Chengchuang Zhan, Guangzhong Liu, Jianqiang Li, Guangnan Li, Tiankai Li, Hongyan Zhao, Luyifei Li, Wen Yang, Nan Bai, Min Zheng, Junfen Yang, Weimin Li,

3-Bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) is a promising agent that has been widely studied in the treatment of cancer and pulmonary hypertension. Rotenone is a pesticide commonly used on farms and was shown to have anti-cancer activity and delay fibrosis progression in chronic kidney disease in a recent study. However, there are few ... Read more >>

Toxicol. Lett. (Toxicology letters)
[2020, 318:57-64]

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Preparing for a COVID-19 pandemic: a review of operating room outbreak response measures in a large tertiary hospital in Singapore.

Jolin Wong, Qing Yuan Goh, Zihui Tan, Sui An Lie, Yoong Chuan Tay, Shin Yi Ng, Chai Rick Soh,

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has been designated a public health emergency of international concern. To prepare for a pandemic, hospitals need a strategy to manage their space, staff, and supplies so that optimum care is provided to patients. In addition, infection prevention measures need to be implemented to ... Read more >>

Can J Anaesth (Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthesie)
[2020, :]

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Risk factors for bronchiolitis hospitalization in infants: A French nationwide retrospective cohort study over four consecutive seasons (2009-2013).

Brigitte Fauroux, Jean-Michel Hascoët, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Jean-François Magny, Jean-Christophe Rozé, Elie Saliba, Michaël Schwarzinger,

OBJECTIVES:Large studies are needed to update risk factors of bronchiolitis hospitalization. We performed a nationwide analysis of hospitalization rates for bronchiolitis over four consecutive bronchiolitis seasons to identify underlying medical disorders at risk of bronchiolitis hospitalization and assess their frequency. METHODS:Data were retrieved from the French National Hospital Discharge database. ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0229766]

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The challenge of safe anesthesia in developing countries: defining the problems in a medical center in Cambodia.

Kun-Ming Tao, Sann Sokha, Hong-Bin Yuan,

BACKGROUND:The International Standards for a Safe Practice of Anesthesia (ISSPA) were developed on behalf of the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists and the World Health Organization. It has been recommend as an assessment tool that allows anesthetic providers in developing countries to assess their compliance and needs. This study ... Read more >>

BMC Health Serv Res (BMC health services research)
[2020, 20(1):204]

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Impact of Sugammadex Versus Neostigmine/Glycopyrrolate on Perioperative Efficiency.

Niaz Deyhim, Amanda Beck, Jonathan Balk, Michael G Liebl,

Purpose:Neuromuscular blockade in the operating room necessitates the utilization of reversal agents to accelerate postoperative recovery and sustain operating room patient throughput. Cholinesterase inhibitors represent the historical standard of care for neuromuscular blockade reversal within anesthesia practice. Sugammadex, a synthetic gamma-cyclodextrin, was introduced to the market with evidence of more ... Read more >>

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res (ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR)
[2020, 12:69-79]

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Spinal versus General Anesthesia for Patients with Parkinson's Disease.

Diab A Bani Hani, Abdelwahab J Aleshawi, Majd H Al Shalakhti, Alaa''a Alhowary, Osama Al-Jararahih, Abdel-Hameed Al-Mistarehi, Ahmed Yassin,

Background:Anesthesiologists prefer using general anesthesia (GA) in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, GA may mask neurological symptoms in the intraoperative period and exacerbate them postoperatively. Furthermore, the anesthetics used in GA have clear interactions with the drugs used to control PD. On the other hand, drugs used in spinal anesthesia (SA) ... Read more >>

Int J Gen Med (International journal of general medicine)
[2020, 13:9-15]

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Effect of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Long-Term Outcomes of Snakebite in Taiwan.

Teng-I Huang, Ching-Liang Hsieh,

Herein, we review the characteristics of the six predominant venomous snakes in Taiwan and the effects of traditional Chinese medicine on the long-term outcomes of snakebite venom. We electronically searched databases, including PubMed, ClinicalKey, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, National Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations in Taiwan, and Airiti Library, ... Read more >>

Toxins (Basel) (Toxins)
[2020, 12(2):]

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Fatigability in spinal muscular atrophy: validity and reliability of endurance shuttle tests.

Bart Bartels, Janke F. de Groot, Laura E. Habets, Camiel A. Wijngaarde, Wendy Vink, Marloes Stam, Fay-Lynn Asselman, Ruben P. A. van Eijk, W. Ludo van der Pol,

BackgroundTo determine construct validity and test-retest reliability of Endurance Shuttle Tests as outcome measures for fatigability of remaining motor functions in children and adults with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) across the severity spectrum.ResultsWe assessed the Endurance Shuttle - Nine Hole Peg Test (ESNHPT), − Box and Block Test (ESBBT) and ... Read more >>

Orphanet J Rare Dis (Orphanet journal of rare diseases)
[2020, 15:]

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Carrier of Wingless (Cow) Regulation of Drosophila Neuromuscular Junction Development.

Danielle L Kopke, Shannon N Leahy, Dominic J Vita, Sofia C Lima, Zachary L Newman, Kendal Broadie,

The first Wnt signaling ligand discovered, Drosophila Wingless [Wg (Wnt1 in mammals)], plays critical roles in neuromuscular junction (NMJ) development, regulating synaptic architecture, and function. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), consisting of a core protein with heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains, bind to Wg ligands to control both extracellular distribution ... Read more >>

eNeuro (eNeuro)
[2020, 7(2):]

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Report from the 26th Meeting on Toxinology, "Bioengineering of Toxins", Organized by the French Society of Toxinology (SFET) and Held in Paris, France, 4-5 December 2019.

Pascale Marchot, Sylvie Diochot, Michel R Popoff, Evelyne Benoit,

This 26th edition of the annual Meeting on Toxinology (RT26) of the SFET (http://sfet.asso.fr/international) was held at the Institut Pasteur of Paris on 4-5 December 2019 [...]. ... Read more >>

Toxins (Basel) (Toxins)
[2020, 12(1):]

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Neuromuscular blockers in the acute respiratory distress syndrome: A meta-analysis.

Yusi Hua, Xiaofeng Ou, Qian Li, Tao Zhu,

BACKGROUND:The effects of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) on adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate its effect on mortality. METHODS:We searched the Cochrane (Central) database, Medline, Embase, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (SinoMed), WanFang data and ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(1):e0227664]

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Editorial: Pathophysiologic Insights From Biomarker Studies in Neurological Disorders.

Stefan Bittner, Marcello Moccia, Tobias Warnecke, Tobias Ruck,

Front Neurol (Frontiers in Neurology)
[2020, 11:151]

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Placement of TOF-Cuff® on the lower leg for neuromuscular and blood pressure monitoring during anesthetic induction for shoulder surgeries.

Alexander Dullenkopf, Katja Horn, Marc P Steurer, Florian Hess, JoEllen Welter,

PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to compare two devices for neuromuscular monitoring during anesthetic induction. TOF-Cuff® was installed on the lower leg stimulating the tibial nerve, while the more conventional TOF-Scan® was installed over the ulnar nerve at the wrist. Methods Twenty adult patients were enrolled in this prospective, ... Read more >>

J Anesth (Journal of anesthesia)
[2020, 34(1):79-85]

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