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Full Text Journal Articles about
Aspiration Pneumonia

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Clinicopathological findings of a long-term survivor of V180I genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.

Yuichi Hayashi, Yasushi Iwasaki, Masahiro Waza, Shinei Kato, Akio Akagi, Akio Kimura, Takashi Inuzuka, Katsuya Satoh, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Mari Yoshida, Takayoshi Shimohata,

The clinical characteristics of genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (gCJD) with a V180I mutation in the PRNP gene (V180I gCJD) are unique: elderly-onset, gradual progression, sporadic fashion, and cortical oedematous hyper-intensity on diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI). This phenotype may become a potential target of future clinical therapeutic trials. The average disease duration of ... Read more >>

Prion (Prion)
[2020, 14(1):109-117]

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[Severe pneumonia and delirium in a 90-year-old male patient with postdeglutition regurgitation].

M Mohr, A Lambrecht, J Muhs, R Hardt,

Pneumonia and in particular aspiration pneumonia, is a common disease in geriatrics. These aspirations are often due to dysphagia, which is frequently first noticed in the context of a geriatric assessment. The reasons for dysphagia are manifold. In this geriatric department several patients have been detected in recent months in whom a Zenker ... Read more >>

Internist (Berl) (Der Internist)
[2020, 61(4):411-415]

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A Pilot Study of Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation for Orally Intubated ICU Patients with Dysphagia.

Markus Koestenberger, Stefan Neuwersch, Elmar Hoefner, Christian Breschan, Helmut Weissmann, Haro Stettner, Rudolf Likar,

OBJECTIVE:Dysphagia is a common disorder in neurological and non-neurological intensive care unit (ICU) patients and can lead to aspiration pneumonia, prolonged ventilation, and delayed extubation. Dysphagia is an independent predictor of increased mortality. In dysphagic stroke patients with tracheotomy, the use of pharyngeal electric stimulation (PES), an emerging technique to ... Read more >>

Neurocrit Care (Neurocritical care)
[2020, 32(2):532-538]

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An Autopsy Case of Idiopathic Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis with Left Vocal Cord Paralysis and a Rapid Deterioration without an Acute Exacerbation.

Chizuru Futatsuya, Hiroshi Minato, Yurie Okayama, Kazuyoshi Katayanagi, Hiroshi Kurumaya, Mizuki Yuasa, Koichi Nishi,

Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a generally slow-progressing rare disorder of unknown etiology. The direct cause of death in cases of IPPFE is rarely investigated. We experienced an autopsy case of a Japanese man with IPPFE and found aspiration pneumonia to be the major trigger of death. The individual had ... Read more >>

Intern. Med. (Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan))
[2020, :]

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Psychotropic Drug-Associated Pneumonia in Older Adults.

Blair Rajamaki, Sirpa Hartikainen, Anna-Maija Tolppanen,

The use of psychotropic drugs (antipsychotics, benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related drugs, and antidepressants) is common, with a prevalence estimates range of 19-29% among community dwelling older adults. These drugs are often prescribed for off-label use, including neuropsychiatric symptoms. The older adult population also has high rates of pneumonia and some of ... Read more >>

Drugs Aging (Drugs & aging)
[2020, 37(4):241-261]

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Risk factors for aspiration pneumonia during concurrent chemoradiotherapy or bio-radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.

Hiromichi Shirasu, Tomoya Yokota, Satoshi Hamauchi, Yusuke Onozawa, Hirofumi Ogawa, Tsuyoshi Onoe, Tetsuro Onitsuka, Takashi Yurikusa, Keita Mori, Hirofumi Yasui,

BACKGROUND:Aspiration pneumonia is one of the most important side effects of chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and bio-radiotherapy (BRT) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Aspiration pneumonia can lead to cancer-related mortality in HNC patients. However, the relationship between aspiration pneumonia occurring during CRT or BRT for HNC and treatment outcomes ... Read more >>

BMC Cancer (BMC cancer)
[2020, 20(1):182]

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Pneumonia in Parkinson's disease: barium aspiration in videofluoroscopic swallowing study.

Kwang-Hwa Chang, Yu-Tien Tzeng, Jing-Hwa Wey, Yuan-Jun Liu, Yen-Nung Lin, Wen-Kuei Chung,

Barium aspiration into the tracheobronchial tree is a remarkable warning sign of dysphagia-related aspiration pneumonia. Clinical swallowing assessment is warranted for patients with aspiration pneumonia and videofluoroscopic swallowing study is a good add-on tool for dysphagia treatment plan. In patients with Parkinson's disease, dysphagia is often overlooked due to atypical ... Read more >>

Respirol Case Rep (Respirology case reports)
[2020, 8(3):e00546]

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Association between swallowing function and oral bacterial flora in independent community-dwelling elderly.

Yoshimi Hida, Tomoko Nishida, Chie Taniguchi, Hisataka Sakakibara,

BACKGROUND:Increasing incidences of swallowing dysfunction, or dysphagia, a risk factor for aspiration pneumonia, are being reported in aging populations. AIMS:To investigate the relationship between swallowing function and oral bacteria in independent, community-dwelling elderly. METHODS:This study recruited 139 community-dwelling individuals aged ≥ 70 years with poor swallowing function. The presence of anaerobic (Prevotella spp. ... Read more >>

Aging Clin Exp Res (Aging clinical and experimental research)
[2020, :]

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Obstruction-related dysphagia in inclusion body myositis: Cricopharyngeal bar on videofluoroscopy indicates risk of aspiration.

Kenichiro Taira, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Satoru Fujita, Yasushi Oya, Ichizo Nishino, Yuji Takahashi,

OBJECTIVE:To show the predictive risk factors for aspiration pneumonia and prognostic importance of a cricopharyngeal bar (CPB) on videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing (VFS) in inclusion body myositis (IBM). METHODS:In this retrospective study, we examined a consecutive series of 37 patients with clinico-pathologically defined IBM based on the European Neuromuscular Center ... Read more >>

J. Neurol. Sci. (Journal of the neurological sciences)
[2020, 413:116764]

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Development of a tension pneumomediastinum during mechanical ventilation of a young Irish Wolfhound.

Kristin M Zersen, Jenica L Haraschak, Lauren A Sullivan,

OBJECTIVE:To report the development of a tension pneumomediastinum during mechanical ventilation of a young Irish Wolfhound with aspiration pneumonia. CASE SUMMARY:A 9-month-old intact female Irish Wolfhound was presented for clinical signs consistent with aspiration pneumonia. Evaluation of her pedigree and clinical signs prompted suspicion of Irish Wolfhound rhinitis bronchopneumonia syndrome ... Read more >>

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) (Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care (San Antonio, Tex. : 2001))
[2020, :]

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Total Oesophagogastric Dissociation in Neurologically Impaired Children: 18 Years' Experience and Long-term Follow-up.

Sonia Battaglia, Paolo Orizio, Giovanni Boroni, Maurizio Cheli, Mara Marcella Colusso, Filippo Parolini, Adrian Bianchi, Daniele Alberti,

OBJECTIVES:Total oesophagogastric dissociation (TOGD) is an alternative antireflux surgery for neurologically impaired children because of a 16% to 38% fundoplication failure rate. This study evaluates TOGD's feasibility and its long-term efficacy both as a Primary and as a "Rescue" procedure after failed fundoplication. METHODS:Thirty patients (18 boys) who underwent TOGD ... Read more >>

J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition)
[2020, 70(4):457-461]

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Clinical Outcomes of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit.

Gyu Young Pih, Hee Kyong Na, Suk-Kyung Hong, Ji Yong Ahn, Jeong Hoon Lee, Kee Wook Jung, Do Hoon Kim, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung,

Background/Aims:Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is usually performed on patients with chronic underlying diseases in the general ward (GW). This study evaluated the clinical outcomes of PEG performed on patients in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) compared with those of PEG performed in the GW. Methods:The medical records of 27 ... Read more >>

Clin Endosc (Clinical endoscopy)
[2020, :]

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[Effect of laryngeal closure on recurrent aspiration pneumonia in patients with neurodegenerative disease].

Miho Osako, Hideto Saigusa, Chisen Takeuchi, Mitsuko Minatogawa, Yoko Mochizuki,

Three patients with neurodegenerative diseases who had developed repeated aspiration pneumonia underwent laryngeal closure, a surgical procedure at the larynx to prevent aspiration. None of these patients have developed aspiration pneumonia since the procedure. One patient needed endoscopic suction and cough assist machine to clear thick sputum, because tracheostomy bypassed ... Read more >>

Rinsho Shinkeigaku (Rinsho shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology)
[2020, 60(3):193-199]

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Incidence of dysphagia and associated pneumonia in stroke patient from India: A systematic review

Rahul Krishnamurthy, Priya Karimuddanahally Premkumar, Radish Kumar Balasubramanium,

Background: India has high incidence (116-163 per 100,000) of stroke compared to western countries. Stroke is reported to be the fourth leading cause of death and fifth leading cause of disability in India. Dysphagia is seen approximately in half of the stroke patients and if unidentified may result in pulmonary ... Read more >>

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Utility of the blood urea nitrogen to serum albumin ratio as a prognostic factor of mortality in aspiration pneumonia patients.

Seung Ryu, Se Kwang Oh, Sung Uk Cho, Yeonho You, Jung Soo Park, Jin Hong Min, Wonjoon Jeong, Yong Chul Cho, Hong Joon Ahn, Changshin Kang,

PURPOSE:This study aimed to determine whether the blood urea nitrogen to serum albumin (B/A) ratio is a useful prognostic factor of mortality in patients with aspiration pneumonia. METHODS:The study included patients with aspiration pneumonia who had been admitted to our hospital via the emergency department (ED) between January 1, 2014 ... Read more >>

Am J Emerg Med (The American journal of emergency medicine)
[2020, :]

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An unusual disease with an interesting sign.

Andreas Afthinos, Emmanouil Antonakis, Maria Horti, Eleftherios Markatis, Konstantinos Pagratis, Ilias C Papanikolaou,

Acute interstitial pneumonias mimic infectious pneumonias. Radiology signs point to, but usually don't establish, diagnosis. http://bit.ly/3b3P1iK. ... Read more >>

Breathe (Sheff) (Breathe (Sheffield, England))
[2020, 16(1):190302]

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Risk Factors of Respiratory Diseases Among Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Qena University Hospital, Egypt.

Khaled A Abdel Baseer, Mostafa Mohamed, Eman A Abd-Elmawgood,

Background:Respiratory diseases in newborns are considered major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries. Its causes are diverse and require early detection and management. This study aimed for detection of the prevalence and risk factors of respiratory diseases in addition to outcome among neonates admitted in neonatal ... Read more >>

Ann Glob Health (Annals of global health)
[2020, 86(1):22]

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Point-of-care lung ultrasound in neonatology: classification into descriptive and functional applications.

Francesco Raimondi, Nadya Yousef, Fiorella Migliaro, Letizia Capasso, Daniele De Luca,

Lung ultrasound (LUS) is the latest amongst imaging techniques: it is a radiation-free, inexpensive, point-of-care tool that the clinician can use at the bedside. This review summarises the rapidly growing scientific evidence on LUS in neonatology, dividing it into descriptive and functional applications. We report the description of the main ... Read more >>

Pediatr. Res. (Pediatric research)
[0, :1-8]

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Salivary gland ablation: introducing an interventional radiology treatment alternative in the management of sialorrhea.

Katherine A Begley, Leah E Braswell, Garey H Noritz, James W Murakami,

BACKGROUND:Sialorrhea is common in children with neurological disorders and leads to social isolation, aspiration pneumonia and increased caregiver burden. Sialorrhea management includes anticholinergic medications and a variety of surgeries, but these are limited by side effects, recurrence and risks. OBJECTIVE:We present our method of salivary gland ablation, an interventional radiology ... Read more >>

Pediatr Radiol (Pediatric radiology)
[2020, :]

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Analysis of plaque microbiota and salivary proteins adhering to dental materials.

Yoko Mukai, Mana Torii, Yu Urushibara, Tomomi Kawai, Yasuharu Takahashi, Maeda Nobuko, Chikahiro Ohkubo, Tomoko Ohshima,

OBJECTIVES:Plaque causes oral diseases and aspiration-pneumonia in the elderly. It is not known whether pellicle-like attached salivary proteins and microbiota on dental materials are identical to those on teeth. The purpose of this study was to determine the properties of salivary proteins and microbiota that attach to dental materials. METHODS:Eight ... Read more >>

J Oral Biosci (Journal of oral biosciences)
[2020, :]

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Effectiveness of Swallowing Care on Safe Oral Intake Using Ultrasound-Based Observation of Residues in the Epiglottis Valley: A Pragmatic, Quasi-Experimental Study.

Mikako Yoshida, Yuka Miura, Shingo Okada, Masako Yamada, Hitoshi Kagaya, Eiichi Saitoh, Yayoi Kamakura, Yohei Okawa, Yutaka Matsuyama, Hiromi Sanada,

The demand for methods to ensure safe oral consumption of food and liquids in order to prevent aspiration pneumonia has increased over the last decade. This study investigated the safety of swallowing care selected by adding ultrasound-based observation, evaluated its efficacy, and determined effective content of selected swallowing care. The ... Read more >>

Healthcare (Basel) (Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland))
[2020, 8(1):]

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Laparoscopic Fundoplication for the Surgical Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Children.

Charlene Dekonenko, George W Holcomb,

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is common in infants generally resolving in early childhood. However, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is diagnosed when persistent troublesome symptoms and/or complications of GER develop. These symptoms and complications can significantly affect the quality of life, thus requiring medical or surgical treatment. Medical management is typically trialed, ... Read more >>

Eur J Pediatr Surg (European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift fur Kinderchirurgie)
[2020, :]

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Assessment of swallowing function and muscle using ultrasonography in general and family medicine.

Hidetaka Wakabayashi,

J Gen Fam Med (Journal of General and Family Medicine)
[2020, 21(2):1-2]

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The Age Factor Influencing Long Term Physical Functionality in Stroke Patients Undergoing Intra-arterial Thrombectomy Treatment

Henry Lu, Chi-Ling Kao, Chih-Ming Lin, Shu-Wei Chang, Chi-Kuang Liu, Yang-Hao Ou,

<title>Abstract</title> <p> Background The treatment of acute ischemic stroke is heavily time-dependent, and even though, with the most efficient treatment, the long-term functional outcome is still highly variable. In this current study, the authors selected acute ischemic stroke patients who were qualified for intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue ... Read more >>

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Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium pneumonia in a uremic patient on hemodialysis: a case report and review of the literature.

Fengqin Li, Yonglan Wang, Linlin Sun, Xiaoxia Wang,

BACKGROUND:Even though enterococci can cause serious infections in multiple sites, they are a rare cause of pneumonia. We reported a uremic patient with vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VRE-fm) pneumonia, possibly related to epileptic seizures. CASE PRESENTATION:A 57-year old man with uremia on hemodialysis was admitted to the hospital with complaint of ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):167]

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