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Acquired Mitral Stenosis

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Pathologic Characteristics of 119 Archived Specimens Showing the Phenotypic Features of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome.

Elizabeth H Stephens, Dipankar Gupta, Mark Bleiweis, Carl L Backer, Robert H Anderson, Diane E Spicer,

To assess the phenotypic variations found among hearts diagnosed at autopsy with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, with attention to implications related to this syndrome as an acquired disease of fetal life, rather than being the consequence of abnormal embryogenesis. We assessed 119 specimens, from 2 archives, diagnosed initially as representing ... Read more >>

Semin. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery)
[2020, :]

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A Dramatic Presentation of Pulmonary Edema Due to Renal Failure.

Natalie Farha, Cyrus Munguti,

Kans J Med (Kansas Journal of Medicine)
[2020, 13:56-57]

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Pulmonary endarteritis and endocarditis complicated with septic embolism: a case report and review of the literature.

Arezoo Khosravi, Zohreh Rostami, Mohammad Javanbakht, Nematollah Jonaidi Jafari, Mohsen Sadeghi Ghahroudi, Mohammad Hassan Kalantar-Motamed, Ramezan Jafari, Behzad Einollahi,

BACKGROUND:Pulmonary endarteritis is a rare clinical phenomenon with congenital heart that can potentially lead to major complications. CASE PRESENTATION:We report a 47-year-old man with pulmonary endarteritis. This patient presented with hypertension, chest pain and a previous history of pulmonary valve disease during childhood. Also, eight-months prior, he was hospitalized with ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):212]

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Muscle weakness of the lower limbs after epidural anesthesia in a pregnant woman with undiscovered systemic lupus erythematosus.

Lan Wu, Xiao-Qin Jiang, Ya-Qin Xiong, Xue-Mei Lin,

Chin. Med. J. (Chinese medical journal)
[2020, 133(5):621-622]

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Aberrant right coronary artery in a grown up congenital cardiac patient, successfully treated 46 years earlier with a double Starr-Edwards silastic ball valve replacement: a case report.

Andrea Ponsiglione, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Gabriella Spagnuolo, Arnaldo Stanzione, Carmela Nappi, Serena Dell'Aversana, Antonio Spagnuolo, Alberto Cuocolo, Massimo Imbriaco,

BACKGROUND:The Starr-Edwards ball valve prosthesis was successfully introduced in 1961-62 and largely used for aortic and mitral valve replacement. Even if Starr-Edwards valves have been widely replaced in clinical practice by other mechanical valves, they define a standard concerning long-term durability. CASE PRESENTATION:We describe the case of a 55-year-old man ... Read more >>

BMC Cardiovasc Disord (BMC cardiovascular disorders)
[2020, 20(1):37]

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Cardiac ultrasound in resource-limited settings (CURLS): towards a wider use of basic echo applications in Africa.

Michaëla A M Huson, Dan Kaminstein, Daniel Kahn, Sabine Belard, Prakash Ganesh, Vanessa Kandoole-Kabwere, Claudia Wallrauch, Sam Phiri, Benno Kreuels, Tom Heller,

BACKGROUND:Point-of-care ultrasound is increasingly being used as a diagnostic tool in resource-limited settings. The majority of existing ultrasound protocols have been developed and implemented in high-resource settings. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), patients with heart failure of various etiologies commonly present late in the disease process, with a similar syndrome of ... Read more >>

Ultrasound J (The ultrasound journal)
[2019, 11(1):34]

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Enhanced recovery after surgery with intrathecal opioid in a patient of Gilbert's syndrome undergoing mitral valve replacement.

Banashree Mandal, Srinath Damodaran, Harkant S Baryah, Gayathri Warrier,

Gilbert's syndrome, an inherited autosomal dominant disorder, is the most common cause of congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. We report the anaesthetic management of a 46-year-old female with Gilbert's syndrome operated for mitral valve replacement (MVR), with a special focus on the role of intrathecal opioids. ... Read more >>

Indian J Anaesth (Indian journal of anaesthesia)
[2020, 64(1):66-68]

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Standardized cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) protocols: 2020 update.

Christopher M Kramer, Jörg Barkhausen, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Scott D Flamm, Raymond J Kim, Eike Nagel,

This document is an update to the 2013 publication of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) Board of Trustees Task Force on Standardized Protocols. Concurrent with this publication, 3 additional task forces will publish documents that should be referred to in conjunction with the present document. The first is ... Read more >>

J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance)
[2020, 22(1):17]

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Assessment and prioritization of the WHO "best buys" and other recommended interventions for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in Iran.

Ahad Bakhtiari, Amirhossein Takian, Reza Majdzadeh, Ali Akbar Haghdoost,

BACKGROUND:The WHO's "best buys" and other recommended interventions are a menu of policy options and cost-effective interventions for the prevention and control of major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The menu has six objectives, implementing which by member states is expected to promote the achievement of the nine NCD targets by 2025. ... Read more >>

BMC Public Health (BMC Public Health)
[2020, 20(1):333]

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Atrial myxoma with cerebellar signs: a case report.

Suraj Shrestha, Akash Raut, Amar Jayswal, Randhir Sagar Yadav, Chandra Mani Poudel,

BACKGROUND:Atrial myxoma remains a rare clinical entity with an incidence of surgically resected cases of 0.5-0.7 per million population and prevalence of < 5 per 10,000. It typically manifests in woman after third decade of life; symptoms vary greatly and may present with arrhythmia, intracardiac flow obstruction, embolic phenomenon, and associated ... Read more >>

J Med Case Rep (Journal of medical case reports)
[2020, 14(1):29]

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Natural Coronary Bypass: A Rare Case of Aortocoronary Fistula in a Patient with Three-Vessel Disease.

Syed Arsalan Ahmed Naqvi, Syed Danish Zaidi, Owais Gul, Mudassir Iqbal Dar, Abdul Aziz,

Coronary arterial fistula (CAF) is an abnormal connection between one or both coronary arteries and a cardiac/extra-cardiac chamber or another vessel. Aortocoronary fistula is a rare type of CAF, which involves an anomalous connection between coronary arteries and any segment of aorta. The following case report describes the case of ... Read more >>

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e7023]

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Abnormally increased carotid intima media-thickness and elasticity in patients with Morquio A disease.

Raymond Y Wang, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Nicholas Evanoff, Julia Steinberger, Nina Movsesyan, Robert Garrett, Katherine Christensen, Deborah Boylan, Stephen R Braddock, Marwan Shinawi, Qi Gan, Adriana M Montaño,

BACKGROUND:Cardiovascular disease frequently causes morbidity and mortality in mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS); however, cardiovascular anatomy and dysfunction in MPS IVA (Morquio A disease) is not well described. Consequently, the study aimed to compare carotid artery structure and elasticity of MPS IVA patients with other MPS patients and healthy control subjects, and quantitate ... Read more >>

Orphanet J Rare Dis (Orphanet journal of rare diseases)
[2020, 15(1):73]

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Transcatheter Mitral Valve Implantation (TMVI) Using Edwards SAPIEN 3 Prostheses in Patients at Very High or Prohibitive Surgical Risk: A Single-Center Experience.

Nicolas Werner, Caroline Kilkowski, Dorothee Sutor, Udo Weisse, Steffen Schneider, Ralf Zahn,

Background:Mitral valve surgery in patients with failing bioprosthesis, annuloplasty rings, or in patients with advanced mitral annular calcification (MAC) is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Percutaneous antegrade transseptal transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI) has recently successfully been performed in those patients at high or prohibitive surgical risk, but ... Read more >>

J Interv Cardiol (Journal of interventional cardiology)
[2020, 2020:9485247]

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Impact of epicardial adipose tissue volume upon left ventricular dysfunction in patients with mild-to-moderate aortic stenosis: A post-hoc analysis.

F Hardt, M Becker, V Brandenburg, J Grebe, T Dirrichs, R F Gohmann, K Fehrenbacher, J Schmoee, S D Reinartz,

BACKGROUND:Aortic stenosis (AS) may lead to diastolic dysfunction and later on heart failure (HF) with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) via increased afterload and left-ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Since epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active fat depot that is adjacent to the myocardium and can influence cardiomyocytes and ... Read more >>

PLoS ONE (PloS one)
[2020, 15(3):e0229636]

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Brachial pulse pressure is associated with the presence and extent of coronary artery disease in stable angina patients: a cross-sectional study.

Jin Li, Yangpei Peng, Kangting Ji,

BACKGROUND:Previous epidemiological evidence has identified many risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). Pulse pressure (PP) was reported to be associated with CAD. However, more attention was paid to aortic PP than to brachial PP. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the direct relationship between brachial PP and the presence ... Read more >>

BMC Cardiovasc Disord (BMC cardiovascular disorders)
[2020, 20(1):143]

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Lyme Endocarditis as an Emerging Infectious Disease: A Review of the Literature.

Aleksandra Nikolić, Darko Boljević, Milovan Bojić, Stefan Veljković, Dragana Vuković, Bianca Paglietti, Jelena Micić, Salvatore Rubino,

Lyme endocarditis is extremely rare manifestation of Lyme disease. The clinical manifestations of Lyme endocarditis are non-specific and can be very challenging diagnosis to make when it is the only manifestation of the disease. Until now, only a few cases where reported. Physicians should keep in mind the possibility of ... Read more >>

Front Microbiol (Frontiers in Microbiology)
[2020, 11:278]

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The influence of race in older adults with infective endocarditis.

Ché Matthew Harris, Waseem Khaliq, Aiham Albaeni, Keith C Norris,

BACKGROUND:Age is a risk factor for infective endocarditis, and almost half of diagnosed patients are age ≥ 60 years. Large national studies have not evaluated inpatient mortality and surgical valvular interventions between older White and Black patients hospitalized with infective endocarditis. METHODS:We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database to identify older adults ≥60 years ... Read more >>

BMC Infect. Dis. (BMC infectious diseases)
[2020, 20(1):146]

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Spectrum of heart diseases in children presenting to a paediatric cardiac echocardiography clinic in the Lake Zone of Tanzania: a 7 years overview.

Antke Zuechner, Tumaini Mhada, Naizihijwa G Majani, Godwin G Sharau, William Mahalu, Matthias W Freund,

BACKGROUND:Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are among the most common congenital malformations. It is estimated that the incidence of CHD is constant worldwide, but data are rare for most African countries including Tanzania. Even less data are available on the prevalence of acquired heart diseases (AHD) in African children. Rheumatic heart ... Read more >>

BMC Cardiovasc Disord (BMC cardiovascular disorders)
[2019, 19(1):291]

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New Paradigms in the Evaluation of Diastolic Function by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Aortic Valvopathy.

Vera Maria Cury Salemi, Marcelo Dantas Tavares de Melo, José de Arimatéia Batista Araujo Filho,

Arq. Bras. Cardiol. (Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia)
[2020, 114(2):293-294]

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Myocardial phenotypes and dysfunction in HFpEF and HFrEF assessed by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance.

Bostjan Berlot, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Alberto Palazzuoli, Paolo Marino,

Heart failure (HF) with either reduced or preserved ejection fraction is an increasingly prevalent condition. Cardiac imaging plays a central role in trying to identify the underlying cause of the underlying systolic and diastolic dysfunction, as the imaging findings have implications for patient's management and individualised treatment. The imaging modalities ... Read more >>

Heart Fail Rev (Heart failure reviews)
[2020, 25(1):75-84]

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The changing face of pulmonary hypertension diagnosis: a historical perspective on the influence of diagnostics and biomarkers.

Jenny L Hewes, Ji Young Lee, Karen A Fagan, Natalie N Bauer,

Pulmonary hypertension is a complex, multifactorial disease that results in right heart failure and premature death. Since the initial reports of pulmonary hypertension in the late 1800s, the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension has evolved with respect to its definition, screening tools, and diagnostic techniques. This historical perspective traces the earliest ... Read more >>

Pulm Circ (Pulmonary circulation)
[2020, 10(1):2045894019892801]

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An Incidental Diagnosis of Rheumatic Mitral Stenosis and Secundum Atrial Septal Defect (Lutembacher's Syndrome) in a Young Woman.

Md Mashiul Alam, Md Fakhrul Islam Khaled,

Lutembacher's syndrome is a rare cardiovascular defect comprising of mitral stenosis and atrial septal defect. A combination of acquired mitral stenosis and congenital atrial septal defect is the most well-recognized pattern. As atrial septal defect acts as a pressure relieving gateway, signs and symptoms of mitral stenosis may be attenuated ... Read more >>

Case Rep Cardiol (Case reports in cardiology)
[2019, 2019:9402987]

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Long-Term Assessment of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction and Mitral Regurgitation Following Takeuchi Repair.

Gökmen Akkaya, Çağatay Bilen, Osman Nuri Tuncer, Mehmet Fatih Ayık, Yüksel Atay,

OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to evaluate the early operative outcomes and to compare the left ventricle and mitral valve functions after initial Takeuchi repair in patients with anomalous left coronary arising from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA). METHODS:Fourteen patients (5 males, 9 females; mean age 4.3 years, ranging from 25 days to 34 ... Read more >>

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg (Brazilian journal of cardiovascular surgery)
[2020, 34(6):687-693]

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The Financial Impact of Genetic Diseases in a Pediatric Accountable Care Organization.

Katherine E Miller, Richard Hoyt, Steve Rust, Rachel Doerschuk, Yungui Huang, Simon M Lin,

Background: Previous studies revealed patients with genetic disease have more frequent and longer hospitalizations and therefore higher healthcare costs. To understand the financial impact of genetic disease on a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO), we analyzed medical claims from 2014 provided by Partners for Kids, an ACO in partnership with ... Read more >>

Front Public Health (Frontiers in Public Health)
[2020, 8:58]

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First Reported Case of Candida dubliniensis Endocarditis Related to Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator.

Nooraldin Merza, John Lung, Taryn B Bainum, Assad Mohammedzein, Shanna James, Mazin Saadaldin, Tarek Naguib,

A 36-year-old male presented to the ED with acute chronic hyponatremia found on routine weekly lab work with one-week history of generalized weakness, confusion, nausea/vomiting, and diarrhea. The patient has nonischemic cardiomyopathy of unknown etiology diagnosed in his teens with an AICD device placed 8 years ago and receiving milrinone ... Read more >>

Case Rep Cardiol (Case reports in cardiology)
[2020, 2020:6032873]

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