Neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) after revascularization is a key unsolved clinical problem. Various studies have shown that attenuation of the acute inflammatory response on the vascular wall can prevent NIH. MicroRNA146a-5p (miR146a-5p) has been reported to show anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway, a well-known key player of inflammation of the vascular wall. Here, a nanomedicine, which can reach the vascular injury site, based on polymeric micelles was applied to deliver miR146a-5p in a rat carotid artery balloon injury model. In vitro studies using inflammation-induced vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) was performed. Results showed anti-inflammatory response as an inhibitor of the NF-κB pathway and VSMC migration, suppression of reactive oxygen species production, and proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in VSMCs. A single systemic administration of miR146a-5p attenuated NIH and vessel remodeling in a carotid artery balloon injury model in both male and female rats in vivo. MiR146a-5p reduced proinflammatory cytokine gene expression in injured arteries and monocyte/macrophage infiltration into the vascular wall. Therefore, miR146a-5p delivery to the injury site demonstrated therapeutic potential against NIH after revascularization.
FASEB J (FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)
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