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Maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of hospitalized pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection in South Africa: An International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems-based cohort study.

PMID: 34499750 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.13917 (read at publisher's website )

Samantha Budhram, Valerie Vannevel, Tanita Botha, Lawrence Chauke, Shastra Bhoora, Gaynor M Balie, Natalie Odell, Hennie Lombaard, Amy Wise, Chrysanthi Georgiou, Nondumiso Ngxola, Emma Wynne, Unati Mbewu, Mfundo Mabenge, Sibusiso Phinzi, Nontsikelelo Gubu-Ntaba, Gareth Goldman, Kay Tunkyi, Sudhir Prithipal, Keshree Naidoo, Santhi Venkatachalam, Terence Moodley, Sean Mould, Mzuvele Hlabisa, Logie Govender, Charlene Maistry, John P Habineza, Priya Israel, Serantha Foolchand, Nomandla V Tsibiyane, Mala Panday, Priya Soma-Pillay, Sumaiya Adam, Felicia Molokoane, Matthew S Mojela, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Tshililo Mashamba, Mushi Matjila, Sue Fawcus, Ayesha Osman, Mareli Venter, Gregory Petro, Ahminah Fakier, Eduard Langenegger, Catherine A Cluver, Adrie Bekker, Liesl de Waard, Chantal Stewart, Nnabuike C Ngene, Ongombe Lunda, Sylvia N Cebekhulu, Siva Moodley, Mama-Asu Koranteng-Peprah, Emmanuel M C Ati, Salome Maswime, Laura M Yates,

<h4>Objective</h4>To describe risk factors and outcomes of pregnant women infected with SARS-CoV-2 admitted to South African healthcare facilities.<h4>Methods</h4>A population-based cohort study was conducted utilizing an amended International Obstetric Surveillance System protocol. Data on pregnant women with SARS-CoV-2 infection, hospitalized between April 14, 2020, and November 24, 2020, were analyzed.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 36 hospitals submitted data on 673 infected hospitalized pregnant women; 217 (32.2%) were admitted for COVID-19 illness and 456 for other indications. There were 39 deaths with a case fatality rate of 6.3%: 32 (14.7%) deaths occurred in women admitted for COVID-19 illness compared to 7 (1.8%) in women admitted for other indications. Of the women, 106 (15.9%) required critical care. Maternal tuberculosis, but not HIV co-infection or other co-morbidities, was associated with admission for COVID-19 illness. Rates of cesarean delivery did not differ significantly between women admitted for COVID-19 and those admitted for other indications. There were 179 (35.4%) preterm births, 25 (4.7%) stillbirths, 12 (2.3%) neonatal deaths, and 162 (30.8%) neonatal admissions. Neonatal outcomes did not differ significantly from those of infected women admitted for other indications.<h4>Conclusion</h4>The maternal mortality rate was high among women admitted with SARS-CoV-2 infection and higher in women admitted primarily for COVID-19 illness with tuberculosis being the only co-morbidity associated with admission.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
[2021, :]

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