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Impact of the Pattern of Atrial Fibrillation on Stroke Risk and Mortality.

PMID: 34401178 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.15420/aer.2021.01 (read at publisher's website )
PMCID: PMC8335885 (free full text version available)

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Giovanni Luca Botto, Giovanni Tortora, Maria Carla Casale, Fabio Lorenzo Canevese, Francesco Angelo Maria Brasca,

Thromboembolism is the most serious complication of AF, and oral anticoagulation is the mainstay therapy. Current guidelines place all AF types together in terms of anticoagulation with the major determinants being associated comorbidities translated into risk marker. Among patients in large clinical trials, those with non-paroxysmal AF appear to be at higher risk of stroke than those with paroxysmal AF. Higher complexity of the AF pattern is also associated with higher risk of mortality. Moreover, continuous monitoring of AF through cardiac implantable devices provided us with the concept of 'AF burden'. Usually, the larger the AF burden, the higher the risk of stroke; however, the relationship is not well characterised with respect to the threshold value above which the risk increases. The picture is more complex than it appears: AF and underlying disorders must act synergically respecting the magnitude of its own characteristics, which are the amount of time a patient stays in AF and the severity of associated comorbidities.

Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev (Arrhythmia & electrophysiology review)
[2021, 10(2):68-76]

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