Ultraviolet irradiation (UV) exposure is the leading factor underlying the development of skin malignancies. D-dopachrome tautomerase (D-DT), a functional homolog of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), has functional similarities to MIF. However, its role, unlike the role of MIF in photocarcinogenesis, is unknown. We therefore explored the role of D-DT in photocarcinogenesis by developing D-DT transgenic (D-DT Tg) mice and provided a research model for future studies targeting D-DT. Chronic UVB exposure accelerated tumor development in D-DT Tg mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice, with a higher incidence of tumors observed in D-DT Tg mice than in WT mice. In D-DT Tg irradiated mouse keratinocytes, the p53, PUMA, and Bax expression was lower than that in WT mice. These results indicate that D-DT Tg overexpression confers prevention against UVB-induced apoptosis in keratinocytes. Taken together, these findings support D-DT as a functionally important cytokine in photocarcinogenesis and potential therapeutic target for the prevention of photocarcinogenesis.
FASEB J (FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology)
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