Megan J Fitzpatrick, Lucas R Massoth, Chelsea Marcus, Jo-Anne Vergilio, Eric Severson, Daniel Duncan, Shakti H Ramkissoon, Robert P Hasserjian, Annette S Kim, Aliyah R Sohani, Erik A Williams, Valentina Nardi,
Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) comprises a heterogenous group of rare mature T-cell neoplasms. While some PTCL subtypes are well-characterized by histology, immunophenotype, and recurrent molecular alterations, others remain incompletely defined. In particular, the distinction between CD30+ PTCL, not otherwise specified and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma can be subject to disagreement. We describe a series of 6 JAK2 rearrangements occurring in a cohort of 97 CD30+ ALK- PTCL (6%), assembled after identifying an index case of a novel PABPC1-JAK2 fusion in a case of ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma with unusual classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL)-like features. Fusions were identified using a comprehensive next-generation sequencing based assay performed between 2013 and 2020. Five of 6 cases (83%) showed JAK2 rearrangements with 4 novel partners: TFG, PABPC1, ILF3, and MAP7, and 1 case demonstrated a previously described PCM1-JAK2 fusion. By morphology, all cases showed anaplastic large cells and multinucleated Reed-Sternberg-like cells within a polymorphous inflammatory background with frequent eosinophilia reminiscent of CHL. By immunohistochemistry, atypical large cells expressed CD30 with coexpression of at least 1 T-cell marker, aberrant loss of at least 1 T-cell marker and, in 4 of 5 cases stained (80%), unusual CD15 coexpression. These findings suggest that a subset of CD30+ ALK- systemic PTCL with anaplastic morphology carry JAK2 rearrangements, some of which appear to show CHL-like morphologic features. The presence of JAK2 rearrangements in cases of CD30+ PTCL augments current classification and may provide a therapeutic target via JAK2 inhibition.
Am J Surg Pathol (The American journal of surgical pathology)
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