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Rectosigmoid resection during Visceral-Peritoneal Debulking (VPD) in patients with stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer: morbidity of gynecologic oncology vs. colorectal team.

PMID: 33825357 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.3802/jgo.2021.32.e42 (read at publisher's website )

Roberto Tozzi, Gaetano Valenti, Daniele Vinti, Riccardo Garruto Campanile, Massimo Cristaldi, Federico Ferrari,

<h4>Objective</h4>This study investigates the specific morbidity of rectosigmoid resection (RSR) during Visceral-Peritoneal Debulking (VPD) in a consecutive series of patients with stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer and compares the results of the colo-rectal vs. the gynaecologic oncology team.<h4>Methods</h4>All patients with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer who had VPD and RSR were included in the study. Between 2009 and 2013 all operations were performed by the gynecologic oncology team alone (group 1). Since 2013 the RSR was performed by the colorectal team together with the gynecologic oncologist (group 2). All pre-operative information and surgical details were compared to exclude significant bias. Intra- and post-operative morbidity events were recorded and compared between groups.<h4>Results</h4>One hundred and sixty-two patients had a RSR during VPD, 93 in group 1 and 69 in group 2. Groups were comparable for all pre-operative features other than: albumin (1<2) hemoglobin (2<1) and up-front surgery (1>2). Overall morbidity was 33% vs. 40% (p=0.53), bowel specific morbidity 11.8% vs. 11.5% (p=0.81), anastomotic leak 4.1% vs. 6.1% (p=0.43) and re-operation rate 9.6% vs. 6.1% (p=0.71) in groups 1 and 2, respectively. None of them were significantly different. The rate of bowel diversion was 36.5% in group 1 vs. 46.3% in group 2 (p=0.26).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Our study failed to demonstrate any significant difference in the morbidity rate of RSR based on the team performing the surgery. These data warrant further investigation as they are interesting with regards to education, finance, and medico-legal aspects.

J Gynecol Oncol (Journal of gynecologic oncology)
[2021, 32(3):e42]

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