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Long-Term Patient-Related Quality of Life after Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection.

PMID: 33668957 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.3390/jcm10050907 (read at publisher's website )
PMCID: PMC7956307 (free full text version available)

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Nike Walter, Markus Rupp, Katja Hierl, Matthias Koch, Maximilian Kerschbaum, Michael Worlicek, Volker Alt,

<h4>Background</h4>We aimed to evaluate the impact of knee periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) by assessing the patients' long-term quality of life and explicitly their psychological wellbeing after successful treatment.<h4>Methods</h4>Thirty-six patients with achieved eradication of infection after knee PJI were included. Quality of life was evaluated with the EQ-5D and SF-36 outcome instruments as well as with an ICD-10 based symptom rating (ISR) and compared to normative data.<h4>Results</h4>At a follow-up of 4.9 ± 3.5 years the mean SF-36 score was 24.82 ± 10.0 regarding the physical health component and 46.16 ± 13.3 regarding the mental health component compared to German normative values of 48.36 ± 9.4 (<i>p</i> < 0.001) and 50.87 ± 8.8 (<i>p</i> = 0.003). The mean EQ-5D index reached 0.55 ± 0.33 with an EQ-5D VAS rating of 52.14 ± 19.9 compared to reference scores of 0.891 (<i>p</i> < 0.001) and 68.6 ± 1.1 (<i>p</i> < 0.001). Mean scores of the ISR revealed the psychological symptom burden on the depression scale.<h4>Conclusion</h4>PJI patients still suffer from significantly lower quality of life compared to normative data, even years after surgically successful treatment. Future clinical studies should focus on patient-related outcome measures. Newly emerging treatment strategies, prevention methods, and interdisciplinary approaches should be implemented to improve the quality of life of PJI patients.

J Clin Med (Journal of clinical medicine)
[2021, 10(5):]

Cited: 1 time

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