<h4>Objective</h4>To understand the knowledge, preferences, and barriers for self-collected cervical cancer screening (SC-CCS) and follow-up care at the individual and health system level to inform the implementation of community-based SC-CCS.<h4>Methods</h4>Surveys and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women and FGDs with healthcare providers were conducted in Uganda. Survey data were analyzed using frequencies and FGD data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Data were triangulated between methods.<h4>Results</h4>Sixty-four women were surveyed and 58 participated in FGDs. Facilitators to screening access included decentralization, convenience, privacy, confidentiality, knowledge, and education. Barriers to accessing screening included lack of transportation and knowledge, long wait times, difficulty accessing health care, and lack of trust in the health system. Additional implementation challenges included insufficiently trained human resources and lack of infrastructure.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Integrating SC-CCS within rural health systems in low-resource settings has been under-evaluated. Community-based SC-CSS could prevent high cervical cancer-related mortalities while working within the human and financial resource limitations of rural health systems. SC-CCS is acceptable to women and healthcare providers. By addressing rural women's preferences and barriers to care, decision-makers can build health systems that provide community-centered care close to women's homes across the care continuum.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet (International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics)
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