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Comparison of three-dimensional digital technique with two-dimensional replica method for measuring marginal and internal fit of full coverage restorations.

PMID: 32601537 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.4047/jap.2020.12.3.173 (read at publisher's website )
PMCID: PMC7314633 (free full text version available)

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Mahya Hasanzade, Soudabeh Koulivand, Naeime Moslemian, Marzieh Alikhasi,

<h4>Purpose</h4>This study compared digital (reference point matching) and replica methods for measuring marginal and internal fit of full coverage restorations.<h4>Materials and methods</h4>A maxillary left first molar typodent was fixed on to an aluminum base and prepared to receive all-ceramic full coverage restoration. The model was scanned with an intraoral scanner (CEREC Omnicam, Sirona, York, PA, USA). Twelve crowns were fabricated from lithium disilicate blocks (IPS emax CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and then crystalized. Marginal and internal fit of each restoration was measured by two examiners using replica and a new digital three-dimensional technique. Reliability between the two methods and two examiners was assessed by correlation and Cronbach's Alpha coefficient (<i>P</i><.05). A Bland-Altman assessment for agreement was used to compare the two methods.<h4>Results</h4>Bland-Altman assessment showed that the mean of difference for marginal, absolute marginal, and axial gap was respectively -1.04 µm, -41.9 µm, and -29.53 µm with limit of agreement (LOA) between -37.26 to 35.18 µm for marginal, -105.85 to 22.05 µm for absolute marginal and -80.52 to 22.02 µm for axial gap. Positive correlation for repeatability (<i>P</i><.05) in determining marginal and internal gaps by the two examiners in both techniques was revealed. Reliability of both techniques in all sites of measurements was at least good (0.8 ≤ α < 0.9).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Both measuring techniques appeared highly reliable for evaluating fit of fixed dental restorations, while reference point matching provided higher values in axial and absolute marginal gap assessment.

J Adv Prosthodont (The journal of advanced prosthodontics)
[2020, 12(3):173-180]

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