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Isolated Area Postrema Syndrome Presenting as Intractable Nausea and Vomiting.

PMID: 32219052 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.7759/cureus.7058 (read at publisher's website )
PMCID: PMC7086113 (free full text version available)

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Vasuki Dandu, Suman Siddamreddy, Sreenath Meegada, Vijayadershan Muppidi, Tejo Challa,

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a disease of central nervous system, characterized by demyelination and axonal damage mostly involving optic nerves and spinal cord. Usually these patients present with symptoms related to optic neuritis or myelitis with a typical relapsing course. Some patients present with less common symptoms involving brain stem like nausea and vomiting, especially those involving area postrema (AP) located in dorsal medulla. International panel for NMO diagnosis revised criteria in 2015 and came up with a unifying term NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSD) instead of NMO. Patients with NMO having AP involvement are grouped under area postrema syndrome (APS). Usually patients with AP symptoms also have neurological symptoms upon presentation. Here we present a rare case of an NMO who presented with isolated APS with no other neurological symptoms.

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(2):e7058]

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