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Extracorporeal treatment in children with acute severe poisoning.

PMID: 31764843 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.1097/md.0000000000018086 (read at publisher's website )
PMCID: PMC6882618 (free full text version available)

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Xiaomei Sun, Xiuying Chen, Jing Lu, Yuhong Tao, Lijuan Zhang, Liqun Dong,

Acute poisoning in children is a clinical emergency. Prompt and effective treatment is critical for life-threatening poisoning. Extracorporeal treatment (ECTR) is a practical option for enhancing the elimination of poisons.We conducted a retrospective observational study on 338 children with severe acute poisoning who received ECTR during hospitalization from January 2010 to December 2017. The poisonous substances, utilization of ECTR, adverse reactions to ECTR, and outcomes were recorded.The top 3 poisoning categories, in order of frequency, were found to be pesticides (57.99%), biotoxins (25.15%), and pharmaceuticals (14.20%). Paraquat (35.21%), an organic heterocyclic herbicide with high toxicity to humans, was the most common toxic substance. The main modalities of ECTR use were hemoperfusion (50.59%) and therapeutic plasma exchange (42.60%), followed by continuous renal replacement therapy (4.44%) and hemodialysis (1.18%). There were also 4 patients (1.18%) with a combination of ECTR performed. Adverse events of ECTR included errhysis and hematomas around the catheter exit site, oral cavity bleeding, allergic reactions, hypothermia, hypotension, and blood coagulation. The adverse reactions were mostly mild to moderate and were manageable. During the study period, there were 295 patients (87.28%) who were cured, 9 (2.66%) who experienced some improvement, and 34 (10.06%) who died.ECTR modalities were found to be clinically effective approaches to the treatment of poisoning by pesticides, biotoxins, and pharmaceuticals, indicating they are important modalities in toxicology and treatment, and are well tolerated by children.

Medicine (Baltimore) (Medicine)
[2019, 98(47):e18086]

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