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Anti-chlamydial activities of cell-permeable hydrophobic dipeptide-containing derivatives.

PMID: 31230920 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jiac.2019.05.024 (read at publisher's website )

Ryota Itoh, Toshinori Soejima, Kenji Hiromatsu,

The obligate intracellular bacteria chlamydia is major human pathogen that causes millions of trachoma, sexually transmitted infections and pneumonia worldwide. We serendipitously found that both calpain inhibitors z-Val-Phe-CHO and z-Leu-Nle-CHO showed marked inhibitory activity against chlamydial growth in human epithelial HeLa cells, whereas other calpain inhibitors not. These peptidomimetic inhibitors consist of N-benzyloxycarbonyl group and hydrophobic dipeptide derivatives. Both compounds strongly restrict the chlamydial growth even addition at the 12 h post infection. Notably, inhibitors-mediated growth inhibition of chlamydia was independent on host calpain activity. Electron microscopic analysis revealed that z-Val-Phe-CHO inhibited chlamydial growth by arresting bacterial cell division and RB-EB re-transition, but not by changing into persistent state. We searched and found that z-Leu-Leu-CHO and z-Phe-Ala-FMK also inhibited chlamydial growth. Neither biotin-hydrophobic dipeptide nor morpholinoureidyl-hydrophobic dipeptide shows inhibitory effects on chlamydial intracellular growth. Our results suggested the possibility of some chemical derivatives based on z-hydrophobic dipeptide group for future therapeutic usage to the chlamydial infectious disease.

J. Infect. Chemother. (Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy)
[2019, 25(12):987-994]

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