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New insights into the altered binding capacity of pharmaceutical-grade human serum albumin: site-specific binding studies by induced circular dichroism spectroscopy.

PMID: 30248608 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpba.2018.09.022 (read at publisher's website )

Anna Tramarin, Daniele Tedesco, Marina Naldi, Maurizio Baldassarre, Carlo Bertucci, Manuela Bartolini,

The ADMET profile of drugs is strongly affected by human serum albumin (HSA), due to its leading role as carrier of poorly soluble compounds in plasma; a critical assessment of the binding capacity of HSA and the evaluation of binding competition between drugs are therefore pivotal for a reliable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characterization. In clinical practice, a potential source of impairment in the binding properties of HSA is the use of octanoate and N-acetyltryptophan as stabilizers during the production of pharmaceutical-grade HSA for infusion (i-HSA), which is currently administered in the treatment of a growing range of pathological conditions. The peculiar sensitivity of circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy towards the stereochemical features of high-affinity binding events is herein exploited to achieve a site-specific assessment of the effect of stabilizers on the binding properties of i-HSA. The binding affinity and capacity of fatty-acid-free HSA towards site-selective induced circular dichroism (ICD) markers for the three high-affinity binding sites of HSA was compared to that of i-HSA submitted to ultrafiltration and dialysis to remove both stabilizers. Results showed a considerable impairment of the binding capacity of i-HSA at site II and a relatively lower influence on the binding properties of site I. Ultrafiltration proved to be ineffective in depleting octanoate, while the proposed dialysis protocol, which involves a pH-induced reversible unfolding of the protein, resulted in a total clearance of both stabilizers, confirmed by the full restoration of the binding properties of HSA at all binding sites. The outcomes of this study proved that CD spectroscopy is a suitable technique to evaluate the binding properties of i-HSA, ensuring an assessment of the availability of the binding sites and the possibility of monitoring the clearance of stabilizers. Eventually, the proposed method for their depletion might constitute a connection bridge between albumin in vitro studies and its clinical applications.

J Pharm Biomed Anal (Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis)
[2019, 162:171-178]

Cited: 1 time

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