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Autopsy findings of ectodermal dysplasia and sex development disorder in a fetus with 19q12q13 microdeletion.

PMID: 30240710 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2018.09.006 (read at publisher's website )

Nicolas Mottet, Christelle Cabrol, Jean-Patrick Metz, Claire Toubin, Francine Arbez-Gindre, Mylène Valduga, Kenneth McElreavey, Didier Riethmuller, Lionel Van Maldergem, Juliette Piard,

A 5,6 Mb de novo 19q12-q13.12 interstitial deletion was diagnosed prenatally by array-comparative genomic hybridization in a 26 weeks male fetus presenting with intra-uterine growth retardation, left clubfoot, atypical genitalia and dysmorphic features. Autopsic examination following termination of pregnancy identified a severe disorder of sex development (DSD) including hypospadias, micropenis, bifid scrotum and right cryptorchidism associated with signs of ectodermal dysplasia: scalp hypopigmentation, thick and frizzy hair, absence of eyelashes, poorly developed nails and a thin skin with prominent superficial veins. Other findings were abnormal lung lobation and facial dysmorphism. This new case of DSD with a 19q12q13 deletion expands the phenotypic spectrum associated with this chromosomal rearrangment and suggests that WTIP is a strong candidate gene involved in male sex differentiation.

Eur J Med Genet (European journal of medical genetics)
[2019, 62(9):103539]

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