The Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is the causative agent of yersiniosis. d-glycero-α-d-manno-heptose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (HddC) is the fourth enzyme of the GDP-d-glycero-α-d-manno-heptose biosynthesis pathway which is important for the virulence of the microorganism. Therefore, HddC is a potential target of antibiotics against yersiniosis. In this study, HddC from the synthesized HddC gene of Y. pseudotuberculosis has been expressed, purified, crystallized. Synchrotron X-ray data from a selenomethionine-substituted HddC crystal were also collected and its structure was determined at 2.0Å resolution. Structure analyses revealed that it belongs to the glycosyltransferase A type superfamily members with the signature motif GXGXR for nucleotide binding. Despite of remarkable structural similarity, HddC uses GTP for catalysis instead of CTP and UTP which are used for other major family members, cytidylyltransferase and uridylyltransferase, respectively. We suggest that EXXPLGTGGA and L(S/A/G)X(S/G) motifs are probably essential to bind with GTP and a FSFE motif with substrate.
Biochim Biophys Acta Proteins Proteom (Biochimica et biophysica acta. Proteins and proteomics)
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