Incidental memory may reflect a form of learning in everyday life, although it is not consistently evaluated during standard neuropsychological evaluations. Further validation of a recently created measure of verbal Incidental Learning (IL) from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV is necessary to understand the utility of such a measure in clinical settings. Sixty-eight adults aged 50 to 89 were recruited from a Cognitive Disorders Clinic while receiving a standard neuropsychological assessment, along with two additional measures of IL. IL-Total Score was significantly correlated with immediate and delayed memory trials from standard neuropsychological tests (rs = .43 to .73, ps < .001, ds = 0.94-2.14), with worse IL performance being associated with lower memory abilities. Participants with probable Alzheimer's disease performed worse on the IL-Total Score than participants with Mild Cognitive Impairment, t(39.997) = 5.46, p < .001, d = 1.13. Given the strong relationships between this IL task and traditional memory measures in our sample, and the discrimination of IL-Total Score performance among diagnostic groups despite its short administration time, this IL task may play a role as a measure of memory in brief cognitive evaluations.
Appl Neuropsychol Adult (Applied neuropsychology. Adult)
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