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Clinical Presentation and Frequency of Metabolic Syndrome in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: An Experience From a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan.

PMID: 33409094 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.7759/cureus.11860 (read at publisher's website )
PMCID: PMC7781566 (free full text version available)

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Sarwat Anjum, Saima Askari, Musarrat Riaz, Abdul Basit,

<h4>Introduction</h4>Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. The aim of this study was to determine the variations in the clinical presentation and frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in women with PCOS.<h4>Methods</h4>This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Baqai Institute of Diabetology and Endocrinology, Baqai Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan, from April 2019 to March 2020. Women attending the endocrine clinic who satisfied the Rotterdam criteria of PCOS and agreed to participate in the study were included. Detailed personal and family history of menstrual cycle, hirsutism, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obesity was noted along with measurement of vitals, anthropometric measures and calculation of the body mass index. Physical examination performed for signs of hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance and biochemical and hormonal evaluation was also carried out in recruited participants. Statistical analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY).<h4>Results</h4> A total of 153 participants with mean age of 27.2±8.13 years were included in this study. Regarding clinical presentation, menstrual irregularity (oligomenorrhea 39.85%, amenorrhea 38.9%), followed by hirsutism 52.3%, was the most common presentation. Polycystic appearance of ovaries was noted in 33.3% of our study participants. MetS was identified in 46.4% participants (obesity was noted at the highest frequency at 82.4% followed by dyslipidemia at 56.2%).<h4>Conclusion</h4> We observed a high frequency of MetS in females presenting with PCOS. There is a need to evaluate women with PCOS for various components of MetS to prevent potential complications.

Cureus (Cureus)
[2020, 12(12):e11860]

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