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Renal histology in pauci-immune rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis: 8-year retrospective study.

PMID: 22499296 (view PubMed database entry)
DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.94850 (read at publisher's website )

Ranjana W Minz, Seema Chhabra, Kusum Joshi, Lekha Rani, Nidhi Sharma, Vinay Sakhuja, Rajan Duggal, Neelam Pasricha,

CONTEXT: The need to perform reporting of renal biopsies of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitides in a more uniform manner required relook at our eight-year data. AIMS: To document detailed renal histopathology of pauci-immune rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) and also to seek any significant differences in renal histology of C-ANCA-positive, P-ANCA-positive, and ANCA-negative patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed analysis of the histopathologic features of renal biopsies of 48 patients in whom a diagnosis of pauci-immune glomerulonephritis was concluded on renal biopsy and who presented clinically as rapidly progressive renal failure was done. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: One-way ANOVA and Pearson Chi square tests. RESULTS: Compared with ANCA +ve patients, the ANCA -ve patients were much younger (46.85 ± 16.12 years vs 34.28±15.94 years). No significant differences were found between renal lesions of C-ANCA, P-ANCA, and ANCA-negative patients, except for diffuse tubular atrophy which was more severe and more frequently present with P-ANCA positivity (P value=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Pauci-immune RPGN (irrespective of ANCA status) is a relatively rare disorder in patients who are undergoing the renal biopsy at our institute, constituting 2% of all renal biopsies submitted. It is mandatory to have ANCA serology status during reporting of a kidney biopsy showing pauci-immune crescentic or necrotizing glomerulonephritis. Also, if a uniform reporting strategy is followed throughout the country, the studies from this vast country will be comparable.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol (Indian journal of pathology & microbiology)
[2012, 55(1):28-32]

Cited: 6 times

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