<h4>Objectives</h4>Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is not widely used for triage of equivocal Pap smears or primary screening in Québec, Canada. Our objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer screening strategies utilizing HPV testing.<h4>Methods</h4>We used a lifetime Markov model to estimate costs, quality of life, and survival associated with the following strategies: 1) cytology; 2) cytology with HPV testing to triage equivocal Pap smears; 3) HPV testing followed by colposcopy for HPV-positive women; 4) HPV testing with cytology to triage HPV-positive women; and 5) simultaneous HPV testing and cytology. Cytology was used in all strategies prior to age 30. Outcome measures included disease incidence, quality-adjusted life-years saved (QALYs), lifetime risk of cervical cancer, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios.<h4>Results</h4>All strategies incorporating HPV testing as a primary screening test were more effective and less expensive than annual cytology alone, while HPV testing to triage equivocal Pap smears annually was very cost-effective ($2,991 per QALY gained compared to annual cytology alone). When compared to cytology every three years, HPV-based strategies cost an additional $8,200 to $13,400 per QALY gained.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Strategies incorporating HPV testing are not only more effective than screening based on cytology alone but are also highly cost-effective. Provincial policy-makers should evaluate incorporating HPV-based strategies into current cervical cancer screening guidelines.
Can J Public Health (Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique)
Cited: 20 times